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Abbreviations

Identifying Late Roman Bronze Coins

 

 

 

 

Abbreviations and other conventions
used in this book

 

The size of each bronze coin is indicated with the common Æ denomination
 Example: Æ 2 (indicative number of its diameter)

Æ 1

-  Over 24 mm.

Æ 2

-  Between 21 and 24 mm.

Æ 3

-  Between 16 and 20 mm.

Æ 4

-  Below 16 mm.


The legends of the coins are in darker letters and keep the separation they have in the coin.

Obverse legends: DNFLCLIVLI  ANVSPFAVG
Reverse legends: PROVIDEN  TIAEAVGG


The legend is separated with "/" when it is written in several lines

Legend in two lines: VOT / V
Legend in four lines: VOT / XV / FEL / XX


The uncertain legends are showing with [... ]

DNVALENTINIANO [... ]


The latin meaning of each legend is indicated in brown cursiva letter.

- Dominus Noster Flavius Claudius Iulianus Pius Felix Augustus
- Providentiae Augustorum


The symbols or letters that appear in the coins are shown
indicating their position in the field.

   


ARLS?  PCONST?  PKΔ?
The mint marks are showing in the chapter of mints.


The names of the mints are written abridged and in dark blue color.
The used abbreviations are the following ones:

  ALE -  Alexandria CONS -  Constantinopolis RAV -  Ravenna
  AMB -  Ambianum KYZ -  Cyzicus ROM -  Roma
  ANT -  Antiochia HER -  Heraclea SIS -  Siscia
  AQ -  Aquileia LON -  Londinium SIRM -  Sirmium
  ARL -  Arelate LVG -  Lugdunum TES -  Thessalonica
  BAR -  Barcino MED -  Mediolanum TIC -  Ticinum
  KAR -  Carthago NIK -  Nicomedia TR -  Treveri
           


All the mints are arranged geographically, that is to say, from North to South and from West to East.
Example: TR, ROM, SIS, TES, HER



The rulers are shown sometimes by abbreviated form:

  AF -  Aelia Flaccilla Eg -  Eugenius Mc -  Marcianus
  As -  Anastasius I Fa -  Fausta Mr -  Martinianus
  At -  Anthemius FV -  Flavius Victor Mx -  Maximus
  Ar -  Arcadius GP -  Galla Placidia Np -  Nepotianus
  Av -  Avitus Gr -  Gratianus PA -  Priscus Attalus
  Ba -  Basiliscus Ha -  Hannibalianus Pr -  Procopius
  Bo -  Bonifatius He -  Helena Pu -  Pulcheria
  Com -  Commemoratives Ho -  Honorius Tha -  Theodora
  Cs -  Constans Ioh -  Iohannes ThI -  Theodosius I
  Cta -  Constantia Jov -  Iovianus ThII -  Theodosius II
  CI -  Constantinus I Magnus JuII -  Iulianus II Vs -  Valens
  CII -  Constantinus II Iunior IN -  Iulius Nepos VaI -  Valentinianus I
  CG -  Constantius Gallus LeI -  Leo I VaII -  Valentinianus II
  CtII -  Constantius II LS -  Libius Severus VaIII -  Valentinianus III
  Cr -  Crispus LcI -  Licinius I VV -  Valerius Valens
  Dc -  Decentius LcII -  Licinius II Vr -  Verina
  Dm -  Delmatius Mg -  Magnentius Vt -  Vetranio
  Ed -  Eudocia MM -  Magnus Maximus Ze -  Zeno
  Ex -  Eudoxia Mai -  Maiorianus Zs -  Zenonis
             

 

           

 

Prologue Introduction Abbreviations Historical
Maps
Mints
(A.D.313-498)
Indexes:
- 2 - 3 - 4
Bibliography
& Links

 

      M. Pina   -  Javi